The Iran’s Nuclear Talks

In the middle of war with Iraq in 1984 and under the leadership of Ayatollah Ali Hosseini Khamenei, Iran began walking on a journey to make nuclear arms. The main drive for such a move was the fear that the then president of Iraq, Saddam Hussein, may have been developing a nuclear weapon. Thus, Iran decided to come up with a weapon that would deter Iraq and other enemies. In the pursuit, in 1992, China signed an agreement with Iran so that the nuclear engineers from Iran could be trained in China’s soil. In the same year, Israel received the reports that Iran was making such a progress and warned the United States government. Though Israel’s fear that the project was military was dismissed, various sources in 2003 started indicating that there was some truth is the assertion. From hence, the United States government, as well as other nations, has been trying to resolve some of the issues through dialogue. Most of the negotiations have aimed at convincing the Iranians to abort their program.

From the onset, the Iranian government has been involved in a game of deception with the west. It has denied that the nuclear program is military but rather a project to supplement its energy reserves. In 2003, for instance, the then Iran’s president Khatami stated that their facility was meant to produce uranium fuel for nuclear energy plants. The United Nations watchdog, International Atomic Energy sent a team to visit one of the site-Natanz. Though Iran agreed with the idea, they were not ready to allow the group to take a sample.  As a result, the IAEA group indicated that Iran had failed to meet its obligations. Following the release of the report,   the United Kingdom, France and Germany tried to hold talks with the Iranian government on the matter. The talks yielded results in that Iran was ready to abandon their nuclear power pursuit.

In 2005, a new Iranian president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad  was elected into power and started pursuing the nuclear deal once more. The talks with the European nations collapsed. The United Nations summoned Iran and continued to urge the leadership to abandon the nuclear power project.  From 2006 to 2010, the United Nations came up with resolutions and sanctions on Iran with the hope that the country would hinder to its urges. The country, however did not give up on the project, sparking some sharp debates from the Israel’s and the United States government. The light on the success Iranian nuclear talks was shed in 2013 when Hassan Rouhani was elected the president of the country. He was ready to negotiate about the deal and thus, the sanctions against the country were partially lifted. From hence, negotiations have been taking place, and in 2nd April 2015, world powers as well as Iran announced that they had come up with a framework deal. In July 2015, history was made when a deal was made in Vienna.  Indeed, the Iranian nuclear talks have taken different twists and turns but yet have yielded some amazing results.

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