Dada movement started in Switzerland during the 1st World War. It is believed to have inspired Fluxus, Neo-Dada and Nouveau which were all considered as anti-art. Dadaists opposed intellectual and cultural conformity in art. For everything that art approved, Dada disapproved it.
Where art stood for traditional aesthetic, Dadaists disregarded aesthetic completely. If art intended to appeal sensibilities, Dada intention was to offend it. Through their hate for traditional aesthetic and culture, Dada movement hoped to destroy traditional aesthetic and culture. Within Dada, the Berlin Dada was more radical and politicized. In 1919, the Berlin group listed the Dadaist principles of radical communism.
In 1913, Marcel Duchamp challenged creativity and stated that art was nominal rather than an essential object. Tristan Tzara , a Dadaist, thought that logic was always false. Therefore, he stated that unless society change the way it ways of doings things, there would be no achievement of any kind in society.
Dada movement began in 1919 in Russian. It opposed art and specifically believed that art was not universal aesthetic activity. In 1921, Alexander Rodchenko made monochromes and announced the end of painting. For artists in Russia, Rodchenko’s actions had traits of utopian possibility. The radical actions did not only mark the end of art but also changed bourgeois practices and norms. In Russia, mode of production changed and a new culture began.