Impressionism is one of the modern art movements that started to be formed in the late 19th century ~early 20th century around France. It started in art, but spread over other genres such as music and literature.
Before Impressionism was introduced to the world, French art valued paintings with historical themes, religious themes, or portraits. These styles were kept and practiced by the Academie des Beaux-Art, which dominated the French art. They preferred art pieces that looked realistic-the artists had a restrained use of colours, and sometimes applied golden varnish to keep the tone down.
Impressionsim art started to emphasize the colour, tone, and texture of the paintings, which was something very sensational at the time. They tried to capture and depict the diversity of colours that subtly changed as the light moves. They tried to show the exact scene objectively in their paintings, using various colours, tones ,and momentary effects.
Artists who performed Impressionism were called Impressionists. Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley and Frederic Bazille were one of the first Impressionists of France. They had two things in common-that they studied under the artist Charles Gleyre and that they showed interest in painting the landscape or contemporary life rather than the themes that were valued those days. In order to paint the scenery that was reflected by natural sunlight, they used bright and bold colours, that made the painting more vivid.