Kitsch

Kitsch art is a very modern type of arts. The term kitsch was originally used as a slang in the late 19th century in galleries in Munich that meant tinpot-pieces. When it came to the 20th century, the meaning slightly changed and began to be used world-wide.

Kitsch rooted from Romanticism, and started to form during the formation of bourjeoisie and the commercialization of art in the 19th century. During this period, industrialization had swept throughout Europe and created a big ripple effect-the middle class began to be interested in art, such as paintings, and also had high demands of art pieces. Kitsch was then used as a sarcastic term that stood for those substandard art pieces the middle class bought. Later on in the 20th century, kitsch was qualified to have artistic significance and when it came to the modern days it became acknowledged as a new form of art that was different from high art.

Kitsch specifically means duplicates, imitation pieces that copy antiques, or pop art pieces. It can either be shoddy goods like a plastic houseware that imitates  Leonar’do da Vin’ci’s Mona Lisa, to a low quality illustration of the painting and the lowbrow culture which demands these products.
When pop art appeared in the early 1960s, art that were considered as vulgar were supported by the people who were aware that pop art had a low status , and the distinctions between high art and pop art became vague which led to the decline of modernism and the appearance of postmodernism.

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