Mathematics is of the most fundamental and oldest sciences. Mathematicians are people who use mathematical theory, algorithms, computational techniques, and computer technology to solve scientific, business, engineering, and economic problems. Mathematicians’ work falls into two major classes: theoretical mathematics and applied mathematics.
The role of theoretical mathematicians is to advance mathematical knowledge by coming up with new principles and identifying unknown relationships between mathematics principles. Without necessarily considering the practical use of mathematical knowledge, these mathematicians seek to increase basic knowledge. However, such abstract and pure knowledge has been instrumental in furthering or producing many engineering and scientific achievements. Almost all theoretical mathematicians work in universities, dividing their time between conducting research and teaching.
Applied mathematicians use techniques and theories, such as computational methods and mathematical modelling, to formulate and solve problems in life, social sciences, business, engineering, and governments. For instance, they may analyse the safety and effects of new drugs, the most effective way to schedule airline courses between cities, the cost-effectiveness of alternative manufacturing processes, or the aerodynamic features of an experimental automobile.
Generally, Mathematicians work in comfortable offices. They are part of interdisciplinary teams that include computer scientists, engineers, economists, technicians, physicist, and others.